Construction Arbitration Process Guide
Arbitration is a
form of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) that provides a final solution to
a construction dispute. Arbitration is private, with the aim to resolve
disputes fairly, keeping costs and delays to a minimum. Disputes are resolved
based on material facts, documents, and relevant construction law principles.
The parties must
first opt into the use of Arbitration in construction, a written clause is
required in the construction contract, with the agreement stipulating the
procedure to be adopted. The Arbitration process includes required elements
from the Arbitration Act 1996, such as certain components which are required
when drafting an Arbitration agreement.
Below we explain
the Arbitration process when using this method of ADR to resolve your
construction dispute, which can also be used to overturn an Adjudication
ArbitrationOne party makes the
request for a construction dispute to be referred to Arbitration.
Once a construction dispute has been referred to Arbitration and the process
initiated, the parties must agree on the procedures to be adopted, deciding
whether a single Arbitrator or a panel of Arbitrators is to be appointed. This
will depend on the type of dispute to be resolved.
There are several
ways to appoint an Arbitrator, either directly by the disputing party, a
combination of the parties, or through an external party, for example ADR
specialists such as Arbicon.
Once the Arbitrator has been appointed, a preliminary meeting will take place
between the parties, giving the Arbitrator the opportunity to issue
instructions on how the Arbitration is to be conducted, stating the timescale,
pleadings and the appointment of Experts.
Each party submit all relevant documents and once the Arbitrator has studied
the evidence, an Award will be made. Hearings can often be document only,
although complicated cases may require an oral hearing.
Arbitration AwardThe award is usually
in writing, signed by the Arbitrator, unless the parties have agreed a
different form that the award should take. Reasons for the award will be
included, and the ‘seat’ defined. The ‘seat’ is confirmation of the place the
award was made, regardless of where it was signed, dispatched, or delivered to
any of the parties.
decision is final, and the award is legally binding.
Arbicon advise on
all matters relating to the Arbitration Act 1996 and the Arbitration process
for all types of construction disputes. To find out more about Arbitration and
whether it is the best ADR method for your particular issue, please use
our contact form or call our offices below: